Avro Vulcan

Manufacturer Avro
Country United Kingdom
New price USD 0.99 million (1956)

The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered, tailless, delta-wing, high-altitude, strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984.

Specifications

Full description

Similar aircraft

Avro Vulcan specifications

General

Manufacturer
Avro
Manufactured
1956 - 1965
Country
United Kingdom
New purchase price
USD 0.99 million (1956)

Aircraft performance

Avionics:
VHF transmitter/receivers, l HF transmitter-receiver, H2S Mk9 radar etc.
Engine:
4x Bristol Olympus Mk.101 / Mk.102 / Mk.104
Jet
Power:
11,000 pound-force
Max Cruise Speed:
561 Kts
1,039 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
170 Kts
Travel range:
2,265 Nm
4,195 Kilometers
Service Ceiling:
55,000 feet
Rate of Climb:
16000 feet / minute
81.28meter / second

Weight & dimensions

Max Take Off Weight:
77,111 Kg
169,999 lbs
Max Payload:
10,000 Kg
22,046 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
11,140 gallon
42,169 liter

Disclaimer: The information on this page may not be accurate or current. Never use it for flight planning or any other aircraft operation purposes. No warranty of fitness for any purpose is made or implied. Flight planning or any other aircraft operations should only be done using official technical information provided by the manufacture or official aviation authorities.

About the Avro Vulcan

The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered, tailless, delta-wing, high-altitude, strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984. Aircraft manufacturer A.V. Roe and Company (Avro) designed the Vulcan in response to Specification B.35/46. Of the three V bombers produced, the Vulcan was considered the most technically advanced, hence the riskiest option. Several reduced-scale aircraft, designated Avro 707s, were produced to test and refine the delta-wing design principles.

The Vulcan B.1 was first delivered to the RAF in 1956; deliveries of the improved Vulcan B.2 started in 1960. The B.2 featured more powerful engines, a larger wing, an improved electrical system, and electronic countermeasures, and many were modified to accept the Blue Steel missile. As a part of the V-force, the Vulcan was the backbone of the United Kingdom’s airborne nuclear deterrent during much of the Cold War. Although the Vulcan was typically armed with nuclear weapons, it could also carry out conventional bombing missions, which it did in Operation Black Buck during the Falklands War between the United Kingdom and Argentina in 1982.

The Vulcan had no defensive weaponry, initially relying upon high-speed, high-altitude flight to evade interception. Electronic countermeasures were employed by the B.1 (designated B.1A) and B.2 from around 1960. A change to low-level tactics was made in the mid-1960s. In the mid-1970s, nine Vulcans were adapted for maritime radar reconnaissance operations, redesignated as B.2 (MRR). In the final years of service, six Vulcans were converted to the K.2 tanker configuration for aerial refueling.

After retirement by the RAF, one example, B.2 XH558, named The Spirit of Great Britain, was restored for use in display flights and air shows, whilst two other B.2s, XL426 and XM655, have been kept in taxiable condition for ground runs and demonstrations. B.2 XH558 flew for the last time in October 2015, and is also being kept in taxiable condition.

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