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Dassault Rafale

ICAO aircraft code RFAL
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
Country France
New price USD 120 million (2014)

The Dassault Rafale is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.


Full description

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Dassault Rafale Specifications

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ICAO aircraft code
Dassault Aviation
2000 - Present
New purchase price
USD 120 million (2014)

Aircraft performance

Integrated Modular Avionics, Thales RBE2 AA AESA radar, Thales SPECTRA Electronic Warfare system.
2x 2 X SNECMA M88-2 Turbofans
17,000 pound-force
Max Cruise Speed:
1200 Kts
2,222 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
120 Kts
Travel range:
2,000 Nm
3,704 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
0.63 Nm / gallon
0.308 Km / liter
Service Ceiling:
55,000 feet
Rate of Climb:
60000 feet / minute
304.80meter / second
Take Off Distance:
400 meter - 1,312.32 feet
Landing Distance:
450 meter - 1,476.36 feet

Weight & dimensions

Max Take Off Weight:
24,500 Kg
54,013 lbs
Max Payload:
9,520 Kg
20,988 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
4,370 gallon
16,542 liter

Disclaimer: The information on this page may not be accurate or current. Never use it for flight planning or any other aircraft operation purposes. No warranty of fitness for any purpose is made or implied. Flight planning or any other aircraft operations should only be done using official technical information provided by the manufacture or official aviation authorities.

About the Dassault Rafale

The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning “gust of wind”, and “burst of fire” in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Equipped with a wide range of weapons, the Rafale is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike and nuclear deterrence missions. The Rafale is referred to as an “omnirole” aircraft by Dassault.

In the late 1970s, the French Air Force and French Navy were seeking to replace and consolidate their current fleets of aircraft. In order to reduce development costs and boost prospective sales, France entered into an arrangement with the UK, Germany, Italy and Spain to produce an agile multi-purpose “Future European Fighter Aircraft” (which would become the Eurofighter Typhoon). Subsequent disagreements over workshare and differing requirements led to France’s pursuit of its own development programme. Dassault built a technology demonstrator which first flew in July 1986 as part of an eight-year flight-test programme, paving the way for the go-ahead of the project. The Rafale is distinct from other European fighters of its era in that it is almost entirely built by one country, involving most of France’s major defence contractors, such as Dassault, Thales and Safran.

Many of the aircraft’s avionics and features, such as direct voice input, the RBE2 AA active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and the optronique secteur frontal infra-red search and track (IRST) sensor, were domestically developed and produced for the Rafale programme. Originally scheduled to enter service in 1996, the Rafale suffered significant delays due to post-Cold War budget cuts and changes in priorities. The aircraft is available in three main variants: Rafale C single-seat land-based version, Rafale B twin-seat land-based version, and Rafale M single-seat carrier-based version.

Introduced in 2001, the Rafale is being produced for both the French Air Force and for carrier-based operations in the French Navy. The Rafale has been marketed for export to several countries, and was selected for purchase by the Egyptian Air Force, the Indian Air Force, the Qatar Air Force, the Hellenic Air Force, the Croatian Air Force and the United Arab Emirates Air Force. The Rafale has been used in combat over Afghanistan, Libya, Mali, Iraq and Syria.

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