Manufacturer Douglas Aircraft Co.

The Douglas DC-8 (sometimes McDonnell Douglas DC-8) is a long-range narrow-body airliner built by the American Douglas Aircraft Company.
After losing the May 1954 US Air Force tanker competition to the Boeing KC-135, Douglas announced in July 1955 its derived jetliner project.
In October 1955, Pan Am made the first order along with the competing Boeing 707, and many other airlines followed.
The first DC-8 was rolled out in Long Beach Airport on 9 April 1958 and flew for the first time on 30 May.
FAA certification was achieved in August 1959 and the DC-8 entered service with Delta Air Lines on September 18.
The six-abreast, low wing airliner was a four-engined jet aircraft with initial variants being 151ft (46m) long.
The DC-8-10 was powered by Pratt & Whitney JT3C turbojets and had a 273,000lb (124t) MTOW, the DC-8-20 had more powerful JT4A turbojets for a 276,000lb (125t) MTOW.
The intercontinental models had more fuel capacity and up to 315,000lb (143t) MTOW, powered by JT4As for the Series 30 and by Rolls-Royce Conway turbofans for the Series 40.
The Pratt & Whitney JT3D powered the later DC-8-50 and freighter versions reached a MTOW of 325,000lb (147t).
The improved Series 60 was announced in April 1965.
The DC-8-61 was stretched by 36ft (11m) for 180–220 seats in mixed-class and a MTOW of 325,000lb (147t).
It first flew on March 14, 1966, was certified on September 2, 1966, and entered service with United Airlines in February 1967.

Specifications

Full description

Similar aircraft

Douglas DC-8 specifications

General

Aircraft performance

Engine:
4 X Pratt & Whitney JT3D-7 turbofans
Power:
19,000 pound-force
Max Cruise Speed:
518 Kts
959 Km/h
Travel range:
1,860 Nm
3,445 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
0.08 Nm / gallon
0.039 Km / liter
Service Ceiling:
35,000 feet
Rate of Climb:

Take Off Distance:
3048 meter - 9,999.88 feet
Landing Distance:
1981 meter - 6,499.26 feet

Weight & dimensions

Max Take Off Weight:
161,028 Kg
355,002 lbs
Max Payload:
15,586 Kg
34,361 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
23,740 gallon
89,865 liter
Baggage Volume:
70.8 m3 / 2,500 ft3

Disclaimer: The information on this page may not be accurate or current. Never use it for flight planning or any other aircraft operation purposes. No warranty of fitness for any purpose is made or implied. Flight planning or any other aircraft operations should only be done using official technical information provided by the manufacture or official aviation authorities.

About the Douglas DC-8

The Douglas DC-8 (sometimes McDonnell Douglas DC-8) is a long-range narrow-body airliner built by the American Douglas Aircraft Company.
After losing the May 1954 US Air Force tanker competition to the Boeing KC-135, Douglas announced in July 1955 its derived jetliner project.
In October 1955, Pan Am made the first order along with the competing Boeing 707, and many other airlines followed.
The first DC-8 was rolled out in Long Beach Airport on 9 April 1958 and flew for the first time on 30 May.
FAA certification was achieved in August 1959 and the DC-8 entered service with Delta Air Lines on September 18.

The six-abreast, low wing airliner was a four-engined jet aircraft with initial variants being 151ft (46m) long.
The DC-8-10 was powered by Pratt & Whitney JT3C turbojets and had a 273,000lb (124t) MTOW, the DC-8-20 had more powerful JT4A turbojets for a 276,000lb (125t) MTOW.
The intercontinental models had more fuel capacity and up to 315,000lb (143t) MTOW, powered by JT4As for the Series 30 and by Rolls-Royce Conway turbofans for the Series 40.
The Pratt & Whitney JT3D powered the later DC-8-50 and freighter versions reached a MTOW of 325,000lb (147t).

The improved Series 60 was announced in April 1965.
The DC-8-61 was stretched by 36ft (11m) for 180–220 seats in mixed-class and a MTOW of 325,000lb (147t).
It first flew on March 14, 1966, was certified on September 2, 1966, and entered service with United Airlines in February 1967.
The long-range DC-8-62 followed in April 1967, stretched by 7ft (2.1m), could seat up to 189 passengers over 5,200nmi (9,600km) with a larger wing for a MTOW up to 350,000lb (159t).
The DC-8-63 had the long fuselage and the enlarged wing, freighters MTOW reached 355,000lb (161t).

The DC-8 was produced until 1972 with 556 aircraft built. It was superseded by larger wide-body airliners including Douglas’ DC-10.
In 1975, the Series 70 retrofit was proposed with the quieter and more fuel-efficient CFM56 turbofan.
Some re-engined freighters are still in use.

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