Focke-Wulf Fw 190

ICAO aircraft code FW190
Manufacturer Focke-Wulf
Country Germany

The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 (nicknamed Würger; English: Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank at Focke-Wulf in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.

Specifications

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Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Specifications

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General

ICAO aircraft code
FW190
Manufacturer
Focke-Wulf
Manufactured
1941 - 1945
Country
Germany

Aircraft performance

Engine:
1x BMW 801D-2
Piston
Power:
1,953 HP
Max Cruise Speed:
352 Kts
652 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
110 Kts
Travel range:
490 Nm
907 Kilometers
Service Ceiling:
33,960 feet
Rate of Climb:
3000 feet / minute
15.24meter / second
Take Off Distance:
400 meter - 1,312.32 feet
Landing Distance:
350 meter - 1,148.28 feet

Weight & dimensions

Max Take Off Weight:
4,900 Kg
10,803 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
4,417 Kg
9,738 lbs
Max Payload:
1,000 Kg
2,205 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
169 gallon
640 liter

Disclaimer: The information on this page may not be accurate or current. Never use it for flight planning or any other aircraft operation purposes. No warranty of fitness for any purpose is made or implied. Flight planning or any other aircraft operations should only be done using official technical information provided by the manufacture or official aviation authorities.

About the Focke-Wulf Fw 190

The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 (nicknamed Würger; English: Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank at Focke-Wulf in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II. Along with its well-known counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109, the Fw 190 became the backbone of the Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force) of the Luftwaffe. The twin-row BMW 801 radial engine that powered most operational versions enabled the Fw 190 to lift larger loads than the Bf 109, allowing its use as a day fighter, fighter-bomber, ground-attack aircraft and to a lesser degree, night fighter.

The Fw 190A started flying operationally over France in August 1941 and quickly proved superior in all but turn radius to the Spitfire Mk. V, the main front-line fighter of the Royal Air Force (RAF), particularly at low and medium altitudes. The 190 maintained superiority over Allied fighters until the introduction of the improved Spitfire Mk. IX. In November/December 1942, the Fw 190 made its air combat debut on the Eastern Front, finding much success in fighter wings and specialised ground attack units (Schlachtgeschwader (Battle Wings or Strike Wings) from October 1943.

The Fw 190A series’ performance decreased at high altitudes (usually 6,000m (20,000ft) and above), which reduced its effectiveness as a high-altitude interceptor. From the Fw 190’s inception, there had been ongoing efforts to address this with a turbosupercharged BMW 801 in the B model, the much longer-nosed C model with efforts to also turbocharge its chosen Daimler-Benz DB 603 inverted V12 powerplant, and the similarly long-nosed D model with the Junkers Jumo 213. Problems with the turbocharger installations on the -B and -C subtypes meant only the D model entered service in September 1944. These high-altitude developments eventually led to the Focke-Wulf Ta 152, which was capable of extreme speeds at medium to high altitudes (755km/h (408kn; 469mph) at 13,500m (44,300ft)). While these “long nose” 190 variants and the Ta 152 derivative especially gave the Germans parity with Allied opponents, they arrived too late to affect the outcome of the war.

The Fw 190 was well-liked by its pilots. Some of the Luftwaffe’s most successful fighter aces claimed many of their kills while flying it, including Otto Kittel, Walter Nowotny and Erich Rudorffer. The Fw 190 had greater firepower than the Bf 109 and, at low to medium altitude, superior manoeuvrability, in the opinion of German pilots who flew both fighters. It was regarded as one of the best fighter planes of World War II.

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