Lockheed P-38 Lightning

ICAO aircraft code P38
Country United States
New price USD 0.1 million (1944)

The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is an American single-seated, twin piston-engined fighter aircraft that was used during World War II.

Specifications

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Lockheed P-38 Lightning Specifications

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General

ICAO aircraft code
P38
Manufacturer
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics
Manufactured
1941 - 1945
Country
United States
New purchase price
USD 0.1 million (1944)

Aircraft performance

Engine:
2x Allison V-1710-111/113
Piston
Power:
1,600 HP
Max Cruise Speed:
360 Kts
667 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
91 Kts
Travel range:
1,995 Nm
3,695 Kilometers
Service Ceiling:
44,000 feet
Rate of Climb:
4750 feet / minute
24.13meter / second
Take Off Distance:
670 meter - 2,198.14 feet
Landing Distance:
700 meter - 2,296.56 feet

Weight & dimensions

Max Take Off Weight:
9,798 Kg
21,601 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
7,938 Kg
17,500 lbs
Max Payload:
1,800 Kg
3,968 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
1,162 gallon
4,399 liter

Disclaimer: The information on this page may not be accurate or current. Never use it for flight planning or any other aircraft operation purposes. No warranty of fitness for any purpose is made or implied. Flight planning or any other aircraft operations should only be done using official technical information provided by the manufacture or official aviation authorities.

About the Lockheed P-38 Lightning

The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is an American single-seated, twin piston-engined fighter aircraft that was used during World War II. Developed for the United States Army Air Corps by the Lockheed Corporation, the P-38 incorporated a distinctive twin boom design with a central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. Allied propaganda claimed it had been nicknamed the fork-tailed devil (German: der Gabelschwanz-Teufel) by the Luftwaffe and “two planes, one pilot” by the Japanese. Along with its use as a general fighter, the P-38 was used in various aerial combat roles, including as a highly effective fighter-bomber, a night fighter, and as a long-range escort fighter when equipped with drop tanks. The P-38 was also used as a bomber-pathfinder, guiding streams of medium and heavy bombers; or even other P-38s, equipped with bombs, to their targets. Used in the aerial reconnaissance role, the P-38 accounted for 90% of the aerial film captured over Europe.

The P-38 was used most successfully in the Pacific Theater of Operations and the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations as the aircraft of America’s top aces, Richard Bong (40 victories), Thomas McGuire (38 victories), and Charles H. MacDonald (27 victories).
In the South West Pacific Theater, the P-38 was the primary long-range fighter of United States Army Air Forces until the introduction of large numbers of P-51D Mustangs toward the end of the war.
Unusual for an early-war fighter design, both engines were supplemented by turbosuperchargers, granting the P-38 excellent high-altitude performance, making it one of the earliest Allied fighters capable of performing well at high-altitudes. The exhaust was also muffled by the turbosuperchargers, making the P-38’s operation relatively quiet. It was extremely forgiving and could be mishandled in many ways, but the rate of roll in the early versions was too low for it to excel as a dogfighter. The P-38 was the only American fighter aircraft in large-scale production throughout American involvement in the war, from the Attack on Pearl Harbor to Victory over Japan Day.

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