Messerschmitt Bf 109

ICAO aircraft code BF109
Manufacturer Messerschmitt
Country Germany

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was, along with the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, the backbone of the Luftwaffe’s fighter force.

Specifications

Full description

Similar aircraft

Messerschmitt Bf 109 specifications

General

ICAO aircraft code
BF109
Manufacturer
Messerschmitt
Manufactured
1936 - 1945
Country
Germany

Aircraft performance

Engine:
1x Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1
Piston
Power:
1,455 HP
Max Cruise Speed:
350 Kts
648 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
88 Kts
Travel range:
618 Nm
1,145 Kilometers
Service Ceiling:
39,000 feet
Rate of Climb:
3300 feet / minute
16.76meter / second
Take Off Distance:
320 meter - 1,049.86 feet
Landing Distance:
503 meter - 1,650.24 feet

Weight & dimensions

Max Take Off Weight:
3,400 Kg
7,496 lbs
Max Payload:
500 Kg
1,102 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
85 gallon
322 liter

Disclaimer: The information on this page may not be accurate or current. Never use it for flight planning or any other aircraft operation purposes. No warranty of fitness for any purpose is made or implied. Flight planning or any other aircraft operations should only be done using official technical information provided by the manufacture or official aviation authorities.

About the Messerschmitt Bf 109

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was, along with the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, the backbone of the Luftwaffe’s fighter force. The Bf 109 first saw operational service in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II in 1945. It was one of the most advanced fighters when it first appeared, with an all-metal monocoque construction, a closed canopy, and retractable landing gear. It was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine. It was called the Me 109 by Allied aircrew and some German aces, even though this was not the official German designation.

It was designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser who worked at Bayerische Flugzeugwerke during the early to mid-1930s. It was conceived as an interceptor, although later models were developed to fulfill multiple tasks, serving as bomber escort, fighter-bomber, day-, night-, all-weather fighter, ground-attack aircraft, and reconnaissance aircraft. It was supplied to several states during World War II and served with several countries for many years after the war. The Bf 109 is the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33,984 airframes produced from 1936 to April 1945. Some of the Bf 109 production took place in Nazi concentration camps through slave labor.

The Bf 109 was flown by the three top-scoring fighter aces of all time, who claimed 928 victories among them while flying with Jagdgeschwader 52, mainly on the Eastern Front. The highest-scoring, Erich Hartmann, was credited with 352 victories. The aircraft was also flown by Hans-Joachim Marseille, the highest-scoring ace in the North African Campaign who shot down 158 enemy aircraft (in about a third of the time). It was also flown by many aces from other countries fighting with Germany, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainen, the highest-scoring non-German ace. Pilots from Italy, Romania, Croatia, Bulgaria, and Hungary also flew the Bf 109. Through constant development, the Bf 109 remained competitive with the latest Allied fighter aircraft until the end of the war.

Other Messerschmitt aircraft

Messerschmitt Me 262
Fighter Jets Messerschmitt

Messerschmitt Me 262

Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun
Single Engine Piston Messerschmitt

Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun

Messerschmitt Me 410
Military War Fighter Planes Messerschmitt

Messerschmitt Me 410

Similar aircraft to the Messerschmitt Bf 109

Messerschmitt Bf 110
Military War Fighter Planes Messerschmitt

Messerschmitt Bf 110

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
Military War Fighter Planes Republic Aviation

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt

Curtiss P-36 Hawk
Military War Fighter Planes Curtiss

Curtiss P-36 Hawk

Bristol Beaufighter
Military BombersMilitary War Fighter Planes Bristol Aeroplane Company

Bristol Beaufighter

Messerschmitt Me 410
Military War Fighter Planes Messerschmitt

Messerschmitt Me 410

Other popular aircraft

Diamond D-Jet
Very Light Jets Diamond Aircraft

Diamond D-Jet

Beechcraft Denali
Single Engine Turbo Prop Beechcraft

Beechcraft Denali

Embraer Phenom 300
Light Business Jets Embraer

Embraer Phenom 300


Recent articles